Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat problems in the abdomen and pelvis. During this procedure, a telescope with a camera is inserted through a tiny incision in your umbilicus to allow your doctor to closely examine the content of your abdomen. Surgical instruments can be inserted through additional incisions to treat any identified problems.
A laparoscopic procedure may be performed for a number of reasons, including to:
- Perform a biopsy
- Examine and possibly remove any growths (such as tumors)
- Remove an organ such as the gallbladder or appendix
- Remove a portion of small intestine or stomach
- Remove a portion of colon or rectum that is diseased with diverticulosis, or cancer.
- Clear blockages in the intestine
- Repair certain kinds of hernia
The procedure may be done in a hospital or surgical center, with local or general anesthesia. First, carbon dioxide gas is injected through a needle to create a work space; next, a tube called a trocar is inserted, and finally the laparoscope is inserted. If the surgeon requires the use of additional surgical instruments, other small incisions may be made.
Laparoscopic surgery significantly shortens a patient's recovery time and results in less pain then traditional open surgery. Patients can usually go home with a day or so, and return to work the next week. Strenuous activity should be avoided for about two weeks.
There may be throbbing or sensitivity at the incision site for a few hours following surgery. Shoulder pain is also possible, since the injected carbon dioxide may irritate nerves in the diaphragm that also run through the shoulder. An increased urge to urinate may be caused by carbon dioxide gas pressure on the bladder.
Complications may include organ puncture, intestinal leakage, bleeding, infection and the need to switch from laparoscopic to “open” surgery.
If you are interested in learning more about Laparoscopy, call 818-226-9030 today to schedule an appointment.